International Carnivorous Plant Society

Carnivorous Plant Names Database

Database Notes

World Carnivorous Plant List

Copyright © 1987-2020 by Jan Schlauer

Nomenclatural Synopsis of Carnivorous Phanerogamous Plants

by Jan Schlauer
Last update: October 2020
Horticultural entries and much editing by Bob Ziemer

General Notes

    • The typical infraspecific taxa (autonyms) are not listed.
    • The synonymical references apply to the autonymous form of the cited taxon unless indicated otherwise.
    • The infraspecific taxa belong to the typical (autonymous) superordinate infraspecific taxon unless indicated otherwise.
    • Syntypes are not tolerated, only one representative specimen is cited. This does not mean a lectotype is selected here.
    • For some names the types could not yet be traced. Herbaria are abbreviated according to the Index Herbariorum:
    • "/" means pro parte (partly).
    • "?" stands for any kind of incertainty.
    • In some hybrids of horticultural origin the originator's name is cited; for natural hybrids the distribution is given. Formulae of artificial hybrids of known origin have the female (seed) parent before the hybrid sign (*), followed by the male (pollen) parent.
    • Names of families are arranged in systematical order, names of genera, of species and of taxa of lower rank, incl. hybrids are arranged in alphabetical order.
    • This list is constantly updated. If you have additions, comments or questions, please contact Jan Schlauer (
    • No part of this work may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the author.
    • Information from this database is free for distribution as long as:
      • It is GIVEN away rather than sold (unless expressly permitted by the author)
      • These statements and the above copyright notice are left intact


Geographic Abbreviations

NC.North Carolina
NJ.New Jersey
NY.New York
SC.South Carolina


Other Abbreviations

in sched.In schedis (on labels) in Herbaria or on plants cultivated and displayed at Botanic gardens
nom.cons.Nomen conservandum (conserved name)
nom.dub.omen dubium (the status of which is obscure)
nom.illeg.Nomen illegitimum (earlier valid synonym cited in protologue or type typifies an earlier valid synonym or earlier homonym is based on another type)
nom.nov.Nomen novum (new name if original name was not available, e.g. as a later homonym, at time of first publication)
nom.nud.Nomen nudum (no valid description and/or no type)
p.p.Pro parte (only parts of the specimen are type material)
spec.excl.pecies exclusa (excluded species, belonging to another family or genus)
sphalm.typogr.Sphalma typographicum (misprint)
|Specimen deletum (specimen destroyed)
*Hybrid sign (multiplication symbol)



The taxonomic basis for the subgeneric and sectional classification used in this database follows Schlauer (Carniv.Pl.Newslett.25:67-88, 1996) for Drosera, Fromm-Trinta (Bol.Mus.Nac.Rio de Janeiro, n.s. Bot.44:1-4, 1977) for Genlisea, Casper (Biblioth.Bot.127/128:1-209, 1966) for Pinguicula, and Taylor (Kew Bull. Add. Ser.14:1-724, 1989) for Utricularia, with some adjustments. No attempt has been made to subdivide the complex genus Nepenthes.

The entries are nested ranks of classification roughly corresponding to nodes on a phylogenetic tree, so it should be trivial for taxonomists of any flavour to map the classification used here to a system or theory of their choice.

The formal ranks used are:


Data Given For Cultivar Names

ICNCPInternational Code for the Nomenclature of Cultivated Plants, 7.ed, Acta Horticult.647:i-xxi,1-123 (2004), ISBN 90 6605 527 8
IntroducerPerson who introduced a formerly wild-growing plant into cultivation, by which it became a cultivar
NominantPerson who coined the name of a cultivar
RegistrantPerson who submitted a cultivar name for registration; in names published before 1998 this is the describing author
Translit.Transliteration (given if the epithet was originally written in a language not using Latin characters)
TranslationGiven if translations of the original epithet are in use
AwardsAwards received by a cultivar
PatentsPatents registered for a cultivar
DescriptionPublication reference to a cultivar description and (if available) text of description
StandardReference to a published standard photograph and (if available) link to a corresponding image
PropagationPreferred method of propagation
EtymologyMeaning or derivation of a cultivar epithet


Floristic Provinces

General outline following A. Takhtajan (1986)
Floristic Regions of the World, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Floristic Province
Countries of occurrence
I. Circumboreal Region
  1   Arctic   Canada, Greenland, Iceland, Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands, Russian Federation, United States
  2   Atlantic Europe   Andorra, Belgium, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Faroe Islands, France, United Kingdom, Ireland, Netherlands, Norway
  3   Central Europe   Austria, Belgium, Belarus, Switzerland, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Finland, France, Croatia (local name: Hrvatska), Hungary, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Sweden, Slovenia, Slovakia (Slovak Republic), Ukraine
  4   Illyria or Balkan   Albania, Bosnia and Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia (local name: Hrvatska), Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav republic OF, Slovenia, Yugoslavia, Turkey
  5   Pontus Euxinus   Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  6   Caucasus   Russian Federation, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan
  7   Eastern Europe   Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Romania, Russian Federation, Ukraine
  8   Northern Europe   Finland, Norway, Sweden, Russian Federation
  9   Western Siberia   Russian Federation, Kazakhstan
  10   Altai-Sayan   Mongolia, Russian Federation
  11   Central Siberia   Russian Federation
  12   Transbaikalia   Mongolia, Russian Federation
  13   Northeastern Siberia   Russian Federation
  14   Okhotsk-Kamchatka   Russian Federation
  15   Canada incl. Great Lakes   Canada, St. Pierre and Miquelon, United States
II. Eastern Asiatic Region
  16   Manchuria   China, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, Mongolia, Russian Federation
  17   Sakhalin-Hokkaido   Japan, Russian Federation
  18   Japan-Korea   China, Japan, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of, Korea, Republic of
  19   Volcano-Bonin   Japan
  20   Ryukyu or Tokara-Okinawa   Japan
  21   Taiwan   Taiwan, Province of China
  22   Northern China   China
  23   Central China   China
  24   Southeastern China   China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, Province of China
  25   Sikang-Yunnan   China
  26   Northern Burma   Myanmar
  27   Eastern Himalaya   Bhutan, China, India
  28   Khasi-Manipur   India, Myanmar
III. North American Atlantic Region
  29   Appalachians   United States
  30   Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain   United States
  31   North American Prairies   United States
IV. Rocky Mountain Region
  32   Vancouver   Canada, United States
  33   Rocky Mountains   Canada, United States
V. Macaronesian Region
  34   Azores   Portugal
  35   Madeira   Portugal
  36   Canaries   Spain
  37   Cape Verde   Cape Verde
VI. Mediterranean Region
  38   Southern Morocco   Morocco
  39   Southwestern Mediterranean   Spain, Gibraltar, Morocco, Portugal
  40   South Mediterranean   DL, Algeria, Tunisia
  41   Iberia   Spain, Portugal
  42   Baleares   Spain
  43   Liguria-Tyrrhenia   France, Italy, Monaco, Malta
  44   Adriatic   Albania, Croatia (local name: Hrvatska), Italy, San Marino
  45   East Mediterranean   Cyprus, Greece, Israel, Lebanon, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey
  46   Crimea-Novorossijsk   Ukraine
VII. Saharo-Arabian Region
  47   Sahara   DL, Algeria, Egypt, Western Sahara, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan, Chad
  48   Egypt-Arabia   United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Egypt, Israel, Iraq, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen
VIII. Irano-Turanian Region
  49   Mesopotamia   Iraq, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Jordan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey
  50   Central Anatolia   Turkey
  51   Armenia-Iran   Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
  52   Hyrcania   Azerbaijan, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Turkmenistan
  53   Turania or Aralo-Caspia   Azerbaijan, Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan
  54   Turkestan   Afghanistan, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, China (Sinkiang)
  55   Northern Baluchistan   Afghanistan, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Pakistan
  56   Western Himalaya   China (Tibet), India, Pakistan
  57   Central Tien Shan   China (Sinkiang)
  58   Dzungaria-Tien Shan   China (Sinkiang)
  59   Mongolia   China (Sinkiang), Mongolia, Russian Federation, Kazakhstan
  60   Tibet   China (Tibet), India, Nepal
IX. Madrean Region
  61   Great Basin   United States
  62   California   Mexico, United States
  63   Sonora   Mexico, United States
  64   Mexican Highlands   Mexico, United States
X. Guineo-Congolian Region
  65   Upper Guinea   Burkina Faso, Cote D'Ivoire, Ghana, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Togo
  66   Nigeria-Cameroon   Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Central African Republic, Congo, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Nigeria, Chad
  67   Congo   Angola, Burundi, Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Cameroon, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Sao Tome and Principe, Rwanda, Uganda, Tanzania, United Republic of
XI. Usambara-Zululand Region
  68   Zanzibar-Inhambane   Mozambique, Tanzania, United Republic of
  69   Tongoland-Pondoland   Mozambique, Swaziland, South Africa
XII. Sudano-Zambezian Region
  70   Zambezi   Angola, Botswana, Congo, The Democratic Republic of the, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, United Republic of, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  71   Sahel   Burkina Faso, Benin, Central African Republic, Cote D'Ivoire, Cameroon, Ghana, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Chad, Togo
  72   Sudan   Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Somalia, Chad
  73   Somalia-Ethiopia   Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia
  74   South Arabia   Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen
  75   Socotra   Yemen
  76   Oman   Oman
  77   South Iran   Iran (Islamic Republic of), Pakistan
  78   Sindia   India, Pakistan
XIII. Karoo-Namib Region
  79   Namibia   Angola, Namibia
  80   Namaland   Namibia, South Africa
  81   Western Cape   South Africa
  82   Karoo   South Africa
XIV. St.Helena and Ascension Region
  83   St. Helena and Ascension   St. Helena
XV. Madagascan Region
  84   Eastern Madagascar   Madagascar
  85   Western Madagascar   Madagascar
  86   Southern and Southwestern Madagascar   Madagascar
  87   Comoro   Comoros, Seychelles, Mayotte
  88   Mascarenes   Mauritius, Reunion
  89   Seychelles   Seychelles
XVI. Indian Region
  90   Ceylon/Sri Lanka   Sri Lanka
  91   Malabar   India, British Indian Ocean Territory, Maldives
  92   Deccan   India
  93   Upper Gangetic Plain   India
  94   Bengal   Bangladesh, India, Myanmar
XVII. Indochinese Region
  95   South Burma   BU, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Myanmar, Thailand
  96   Andamanes   India, Myanmar, Thailand
  97   South China   China, PI, Viet Nam
  98   Thailand   Cambodia, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Thailand
  99   North Indochina   Lao People's Democratic Republic, Viet Nam
  100   Annam   Cambodia, Viet Nam1
  101   South Indochina   Cambodia, Viet Nam
XVIII. Malesian Region
  102   Malaya   Malaysia, Singapore
  103   Borneo   Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia
  104   Philippines   Philippines, Slovenia
  105   Sumatra   Christmas Island, Indonesia
  106   South Malesia   Indonesia, East Timor
  107   Celebes   Indonesia
  108   Moluccas   Indonesia
  109   Papua   Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
  110   Bismarck Archipelago   Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
XIX. Fijian Region
  111   New Hebrides   Vanuatu
  112   Fiji   American Samoa, Fiji, Niue, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Samoa
XX. Polynesian Region
  113   Micronesia   Micronesia, Federated States of, Guam, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Northern Mariana Islands, Nauru, Palau, Tuvalu, United States Minor Outlying Islands
  114   Polynesia   American Samoa, Cook Islands, Kiribati, French Polynesia, Pitcairn, Tokelau, United States Minor Outlying Islands
XXI. Hawaiian Region
  115   Hawaii   United States Minor Outlying Islands, United States
XXII. Neocaledonian Region
  116   New Caledonia   New Caledonia
XXIII. Caribbean Region
  117   Central America   Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, French Polynesia, El Salvador
  118   West Indies   Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles, Aruba, Barbados, Bermuda, Bahamas, Colombia, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Jamaica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Saint Lucia, Martinique, Montserrat, Puerto Rico, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States, Saint Vincent and The Grenadines, Venezuela, Virgin Islands (British), Virgin Islands (US)
  119   Galapagos   Ecuador
XXIV. Region of the Guayana Highlands
  120   Guayana   Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
XXV. Amazonian Region
  121   Amazonia   Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
  122   Llanos   Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Peru
XXVI. Brazilian Region
  123   Caatingas   Brazil
  124   Central Brazilian Uplands   Brazil
  125   Chaco   Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
  126   Atlantic Brazil   Brazil
  127   Parana   Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay
XXVII. Andean Region
  128   Northern Andes   Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
  129   Central Andes   Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
XXVIII. Cape Region
  130   Cape   South Africa
XXIX. Northeast Australian Region
  131   North Australia   Australia
  132   Queensland   Australia
  133   Southeast Australia   Australia
  134   Tasmania   Australia
XXX. Southwest Australian Region
  135   Southwest Australia   Australia
XXXI. Central Australian or Eremaean Region
  136   Eremaea   Australia
XXXII. Fernandezian Region
  137   Juan Fernandez   Chile
XXXIII. Chile-Patagonian Region
  138   Northern Chile   Argentina, Chile
  139   Central Chile   Argentina, Chile
  140   Pampas   Argentina, Uruguay
  141   Patagonia   Argentina, Chile, Falkland Islands (Malvinas)
  142   Tierra del Fuego   Antarctica, Argentina, Chile, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
XXXIV. Region of the South Subantarctic Islands
  143   Tristan-Gough   Bouvet Island, St. Helena
  144   Kerguelen   Heard and Mc Donald Islands, French Southern Territories, South Africa
XXXV. Neozeylandic Region
  145   Lord Howe   Australia
  146   Norfolk   Norfolk Island
  147   Kermadec   New Zealand
  148   New Zealand North Is.   New Zealand
  149   New Zealand N South Is.   New Zealand
  150   New Zealand S South Is.   New Zealand
  151   Chatham   New Zealand
  152   New Zealand Subantarctic Islands   Australia, New Zealand


©International Carnivorous Plant Society

The database is maintained by Jan Schlauer.
This page is maintained by John Brittnacher.
Please contact us at the ICPS membership website,